Neuropsychological Rehabilitation and Cognitive Stimulation are focused on neurorehabilitation, a process aimed at restoring, minimising and/or compensating functional deficits in people suffering from severe disabilities due to lesions in the central nervous system. Neuropsychological rehabilitation is an active process which helps both patients and families to optimise superior cognitive functions, to understand better the alterations and to develop strategies which can compensate these disorders. Cognitive stimulation therapy (CST) is an evidence-based therapy for individuals with mild-to-moderate dementia. Dementia is a neurocognitive disease characterized by progressive, global deterioration in intellectual abilities including memory, learning, orientation, language, comprehension, and judgment. Currently, dementia is referred to as Major Neurocognitive Disorder.